Assessment Specifications

Level 3 Dance 2023

General information


Dance Perspectives

Method of assessment

Written examination


91594  91595

Information relating to both achievement standards

A range of questions for each standard will be provided. Candidates will be required to respond to ONE of the questions.

Each question may contain more than one part. Questions will be assessed holistically.

Questions may include bullet points to provide guidance for candidates in answering the questions. These bullet points are not intended to limit candidates’ answers.

Questions will require answers in extended paragraph or essay form. Answers should be supported by specific examples.

Candidates may use bullet points and diagrams, where relevant, to support their discussion.

Candidates must use ink for both sketched and written answers.

Information in planning spaces will not be marked.

Specific information for individual achievement standards




Analyse a dance performance



Number of credits


Candidates will answer one question relating to a recorded dance performance they have viewed and studied.

Candidates will be given 5 minutes to read the questions.

A recording of the dance performance (3–6 minutes in duration) will then be shown twice, with a pause of 10 minutes in between.

Candidates may start making notes or answering the questions at any time after the examination begins.

Candidates will be required to answer a question on key aspects of the dance performance. Candidates should be familiar with:

  • pathways
  • the technical design
  • unity.

Candidates may refer to key aspects not shown in the recording to support their answers.

The dance performance should have sufficient variation and content to enable candidates to analyse and evaluate. Examples of suitable dances include:

Dance From Choreographer Company
Section 1 Trees, Birds then People Shona McCullagh NZDC
Milagros   Javier De Frutos RNZB
Poor Boy Ihi FreNZy Mark Baldwin RNZB
Steps in the Street Chronicle Martha Graham Martha Graham Dance Company
Little Red Rooster Rooster Christopher Bruce Rambert Dance Company
Opening section Ghost Dances Christopher Bruce Rambert Dance Company 
Swan Song Swan Song Christopher Bruce Rambert Dance Company
Various Mauri Stephen Bradshaw Atamira Dance Company
Various Run Marc Brew Touch Compass Dance Company
Tawhirimatea Rotunda Shona McCullagh NZDC
Coventry Carol Rotunda Shona McCullagh NZDC
Passchendaele Salute Neil Ieremia RNZB
Anatomy of a
Passing Cloud
  Javier De Frutos RNZB

For further information refer to the Explanatory Notes of achievement standard 91594 and the Assessment Report.

The recording

The recording of the dance performance may comprise either a complete work, or a single continuous excerpt from a longer work. It must:

  • include only the 3–6 minutes of material that is to be viewed by the candidates
  • NOT be a compilation of excerpts
  • be of a dance work that is choreographed, performed and filmed to a professional standard, and include no acting footage that is not integral to the choreography
  • show at least THREE dancers
  • feature minimal editing (e.g. long shots, close-ups, and special filming effects), which does not detract from the candidates’ overall view and understanding of the work.

The recording may be presented on any medium that can produce a high-quality display on a 60 cm screen. The recording must include only a single instance (or “playing”) of the 3–6 minutes of material.

Resources to be supplied by the school

The school must provide to the Exam Centre Manager, for each examination space:

  • TWO copies of the recording of the dance performance
  • a means of displaying the recording (i.e. monitor or screen) at least 60 cm (25 in) in size (measured on the diagonal)
  • a means of playing the recording, plus a back-up device.




Demonstrate understanding of the development of
dance in Aotearoa / New Zealand



Number of credits


Candidates will answer ONE question on selected aspects of the development of dance in Aotearoa / New Zealand.

Candidates should be familiar with:

  • an established New Zealand choreographer
  • The New Zealand Dance Company
  • a cultural dance form
  • a partner dance form.

Candidates may draw on examples from more than one genre or style.

For further information, refer to the Explanatory Notes of achievement standard 91595 and the Assessment Report.

Dance subject page

Examination timetable

Find information for...

Skip to main page content Accessibility page with list of access keys Home Page Site Map Contact Us