Geography - Annotated Exemplars Level 1 AS91014

Apply spatial analysis, with direction, to solve a geographic problem (1.8)

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TKI Geography Assessment Resources

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Low Excellence

Commentary
Student response

Student 1 (PDF, 150KB)

For Excellence, the student needs to comprehensively apply spatial analysis, with direction, to solve a geographic problem.

This typically involves fully explaining a valid answer or solution, based on the manipulation, that is supported by detailed evidence.

The student demonstrates a full explanation of a valid answer to the geographic problem. This includes identification of affected areas and immediate impact of a volcanic eruption in the Manukau Harbour. The conclusion directly recaps the solution to the problem (7).

The areas affected are named, and the explanation includes the detail of distance and direction from the eruption vent (1). Further detailed evidence is given with the identification of the eruption materials that are likely to affect named areas (1 and 3).

The student fully explained the immediate impact of the eruption by focusing on several different aspects, including direct human impact, transport and economic effects. Extracts from the transport section exemplify full explanations with detailed evidence for the key modes of transport: airport, port, (4) road (5) and rail (6), with reference to named areas.

To reach Excellence more securely, the student would need to ensure that the explanation of a valid answer is based on the manipulations of the spatial data shown on their layout. This is evident in one part of the response (2), but more frequent links are needed.

High Merit

Commentary
Student response

Student 2 (PDF, 143KB)

For Merit, the student needs to effectively apply spatial analysis, with direction, to solve a geographic problem.

This typically involves:

  • collecting sufficient spatial data to address the geographic question or problem
  • completing simple manipulations of the spatial data to produce an accurate layout related to the question or problem
  • explaining a valid answer or solution, based on the manipulations, that is supported by evidence.

The student demonstrates effective spatial analysis to explain a valid answer to the geographic problem, a volcanic eruption in the Manukau Harbour, which includes some detailed supporting evidence. The student provided an accurate layout which they use to generate a valid answer.

A valid answer to the problem is given with clear links to the manipulations (3). The likely affected areas are named, and the explanation clearly supports not only the most obvious suburbs (1), but also the wider area (2).

The student shows use of detail through naming of places, roads etc. (4). A full explanation begins to develop in relation to Mangere Bridge, which includes causes and implications of bridge damage (5).

To reach Excellence the student would need to include more detailed evidence, for example, distances from the vent or distances that the ash could spread. This information is available from their manipulations and evident on the layout, so it should be used in their explanation of a valid answer.

Low Merit

Commentary
Student response

Student 3 (PDF, 387KB)

For Merit, the student needs to effectively apply spatial analysis, with direction, to solve a geographic problem.

This typically involves:

  • collecting sufficient spatial data to address the geographic question or problem
  • completing simple manipulations of the spatial data to produce an accurate layout related to the question or problem
  • explaining a valid answer or solution, based on the manipulations, that is supported by evidence.

The student’s research, about a volcanic eruption in Tauranga, demonstrates effective application of some aspects of their spatial data to provide an explanation of a valid answer. The layout (1) clearly meets the requirements for Merit, showing accuracy, simple manipulations and sufficient relevant spatial data.

A solution to the problem is based on the manipulations, which is evident through direct referencing to the layout (2). The first part of the geographic problem is explained and supported with evidence (3).

To reach Merit more securely, the student would need to more clearly explain the immediate impact of a volcanic eruption (4) to ensure that a valid answer to the whole problem is explained. More effective use of the evidence on the layout could be used by including specific detail in the explanations.

High Achieved

Commentary
Student response

Student 4 (PDF, 364KB)

For Achieved, the student needs to apply spatial analysis, with direction, to solve a geographic problem.

This typically involves:

  • collecting spatial data relevant to the geographic question or problem
  • completing simple manipulations of the spatial data to produce a layout related to the question or problem
  • describing a valid answer or solution based on the manipulations

This sample uses student work for the first and second aspects only.

The student’s research into tsunami risk areas in Tauranga demonstrates effective application of spatial analysis, through the production of a layout (1), showing evidence of several different methods of data manipulation. Sufficient spatial data has been collected to address the problem. The annotations (2) (3) show links between the image and the solution to the problem.

To reach Merit, the student would need to include geographic conventions such as an orientation point, key and scale for each of the images to achieve accuracy.

Low Achieved

Commentary
Student response

Student 5 (PDF, 142KB)

For Achieved, the student needs to apply spatial analysis with direction to solve a geographic problem.

This typically involves:

  • collecting spatial data relevant to the geographic question or problem
  • completing simple manipulations of the spatial data to produce a layout related to the question or problem
  • describing a valid answer or solution based on the manipulations

This sample uses student work for the last aspect only.

The student demonstrates an application of spatial analysis to provide a solution to the geographic problem posed: tsunami risk areas in Tauranga. Risk areas (2) and evacuation routes are clearly identified (3) with direct reference made to the layout (1).

To reach Achieved more securely, the description of a valid answer would need to make more use of the evidence from the manipulations provided on the layout. For example, if the warning systems shown on the layout were directly referred to this would provide evidence that this part of the solution (4) was based on the manipulations.

High Not Achieved

Commentary
Student response

Student 6 (PDF, 297KB)

For Achieved, the student needs to apply spatial analysis with direction to solve a geographic problem.

This typically involves:

  • collecting spatial data relevant to the geographic question or problem
  • completing simple manipulations of the spatial data to produce a layout related to the question or problem
  • describing a valid answer or solution based on the manipulations.

The student demonstrates completion of some simple manipulations of the spatial data, to produce a layout which shows the areas at risk of a tsunami (2). A valid answer to part of the geographic problem is described (1).

To reach Achieved, the student would need to include evidence on their layout that they have completed spatial manipulations relating to the second part of their geographic problem: evacuation plans. The solution should be based on the manipulations, and this can be shown in the description through direct reference to the relevant image.

 
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